Celebrities Honored With Bharat Ratna In The Year 2024

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The Central Government has appointed former Prime Minister Chaudhary Charan Singh and P.V. Narasimha Rao and scientist M.S. Swaminathan were announced to be awarded the country's highest civilian honor 'Bharat Ratna' for their incomparable contribution towards the country.
This year, the Central Government has already announced to give Bharat Ratna to former Deputy Prime Minister Lal Krishna Advani and former Chief Minister of Bihar Karpuri Thakur.

Former Prime Minister Chaudhary Charan Singh

  • Chaudhary Charan Singh was born in Noorpur, Meerut district of Uttar Pradesh on December 23, 1902 in a middle-class farmer family.
  • He obtained Bachelor of Laws (LLB) degree in the year 1923 and Master of Laws degree in the year 1925.
  • In the year 1928, Chaudhary Charan Singh started law practice in Ghaziabad.
  • In the year 1930, he joined Mahatma Gandhi's Civil Disobedience Movement and opposed the Salt Law by making salt in Hindon River (Uttar Pradesh).
  • Charan Singh was first elected from Chhaprauli assembly constituency in the year 1937.
  • Represented his constituency in the Legislative Assembly in the years 1946, 1952, 1962 and 1967 and contributed by holding positions in various departments of the government. In the year 1946, he gave his support in various departments like Parliamentary Secretary, Revenue, Medical and Public Health, Justice, Information.
  • In June, 1951, he was appointed as the Cabinet Minister of the State and given the charge of Justice and Information Departments.
  • In the year 1952, he took charge as Revenue and Agriculture Minister in the cabinet of Dr. Sampurnanand.
  • In April, 1959, he was in charge of the Revenue and Transport Department.
  • Chaudhary Charan Singh also gave his support as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. 03 April, 1967 to 25 February, 1968
  • From February 18, 1970 to October 1, 1970
  • Chaudhary Charan Singh had played an important role in land reforms in Uttar Pradesh and drafting the Departmental Debt Relief Bill, 1939 for rural debtors.
  • Chaudhary Charan Singh, as the Chief Minister, brought in the Land Holding Act, 1960 (which was brought in with the aim of reducing the maximum limit on land holding) so that the land holding situation in the state could be uniform.
  • Chaudhary Charan Singh liked to live a very simple lifestyle and was interested in reading and writing various books in his free time. As-abolition of zamindari
  • India's poverty and its solution
  • Farmers' estate or land for farmers
  • Prevention of Deviation of Holdings Below a Certain Minimum
  • Co-operative Farming X-Rad
  • Chaudhary Charan Singh was known for his practicality, eloquence, conviction and a brilliant parliamentarian.
  • In 1979, as the Finance Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of the country, he played a role in the establishment of the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD).
  • Chaudhary Charan Singh was the Prime Minister of India from 28 July 1979 to 14 January 1980. The Prime Minister who never went to Parliament while holding the post of Prime Minister
  • He founded the Janata Dal, from which different political parties were formed in the coming decades. Biju Janata Dal, Rashtriya Janata Dal, Janta Dal United), Janata Dal (Secular), Rashtriya Lok Dal (party of his son Ajit Singh)
  • Chaudhary Charan Singh, who gained fame as a great farmer leader of the country, died on 29 May 1987.

Former Prime Minister PV Narasimha Rao

  • He was born on 28 June 1921 in Karimnagar.His full name is Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao.
  • He completed his studies from Osmania University (Hyderabad), Mumbai University and Nagpur University.
  • He started his political career from Andhra Pradesh state. Was a member of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly from 1957 to 1977.
  • PV Narasimha Rao played an important role in the Andhra Pradesh state government, serving as Law and Information Minister from 1962 to 1967, Health and Medical Minister from 1967 and Education Minister from 1968 to 1971.
  • He held the post of Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh during the period 1971 to 1973.
  • He was a member of the Lok Sabha from 1977 to 1984 and also made his valuable contribution as the Foreign Minister of the country between 14 January 1980 to 18 July 1984.
  • In December 1984, he was elected to the Lok Sabha for the eighth time from Ramtek.
  • Between 19 July 1984 and 25 September 1985, he held the charge of Home Minister, Defense Minister and Human Resource Development Minister.
  • He served as the 9th Prime Minister of India from 20 June 1991 to 16 May 1996. He was the country's first Prime Minister from South India.
  • This was the same time period when the country was facing economic problems.
  • Narasimha Rao handed over the charge of the Finance Minister of the country to Dr. Manmohan Singh who started liberalization in the Indian economy.
  • P . Apart from politics, V Narasimha Rao had good understanding in the fields of music, art and literature etc.
  • Narasimha Rao was fluent in 18 languages ​​including Hindi, English, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Urdu, Marathi, Gujarati, Oriya, Arabic, Persian, Spanish, Bengali, French, German, Greek and Latin.
  • Narasimha Rao died on 23 December 2004.

Scientist M.S SwaminathanFamous

  • Agricultural scientist Dr. M.S. Swaminathan was born on August 7, 1925 in Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu.
  • His full name is Mankombu Sambasivan Swaminathan.
  • He is called the father of India's Green Revolution.
  • Under the Green Revolution programme, high-yielding wheat and rice seeds were developed, which helped in making India self-reliant by transforming it from a food-deficiency country in the world.
  • He was awarded the Magsaysay Award in the year 1971, the Albert Einstein World Science Award in the year 1986, the first World Food Prize in the year 1987 and the UNESCO Gandhi Gold Medal in the year 1989.
  • Dr. Swaminathan was awarded Padma Shri in the year 1967, Padma Bhushan in the year 1972 and Padma Vibhushan in the year 1989.
  • Dr. Swaminathan's visionary leadership not only transformed Indian agriculture but also ensured the country's food security and prosperity.
  • Dr. Swaminathan died on September 28, 2023.

Bharat Ratna

  • This honor is given keeping in mind the unprecedented contribution of a person in the fields of politics, art, literature and science.
  • The award of Bharat Ratna was started on January 2, 1954 by the then President Dr. Rajendra Prasad.
  • For the first time in the year 1954, former President Sarvepalli Dr. Radhakrishnan, Dr. Chandrashekhar Venkata Raman and the first Governor General of independent India Chakravarti Rajagopalachari were honored with Bharat Ratna.
  • Only Sachin Tendulkar has received this award among players.
  • This honor has also been given to three people of foreign origin.
  • These include Mother Teresa, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Nelson Mandela.
  • So far this award has been given to five Presidents.


Bharat Ratna recipient 


Rajagopalachari, CV Raman and S. Radhakrishnan


Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Dr. Bhagwan Das


Pandit Govind Vallabh Pant


Dr. Dhondo Keshav Curve


Purushottam Das Tandon, Bidhan Chandra Roy


Dr Rajendra Prasad


Dr. Zakir Hussain, Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane


Lal Bahadur Shastri (posthumously)


Indira Gandhi


VV Giri


K.Kamaraj (posthumously)


mother Teresa


Acharya Vinova Bhave (posthumously)


Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan


Manidur Gopalan Ramachandran (posthumous)


Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (posthumous)


Rajiv Gandhi (posthumously), Morarji Ranchhodji Desai, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (posthumously)


Satyajit Ray (posthumously), Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (posthumously)


Aruna Asaf Ali (posthumously), Gulzari Lal Nanda (posthumously) and Dr. Abdul Kalam Azad


Madurai Shanmukhavadivu Subbalakshmi, Chidambaram Subramanian, Gopinath Bordoloi (posthumously)


Jaiprakash Narayan (posthumously), Prof. Amartya Sen, Pandit Ravi Shankar


Ustad Bismillah Khan, Ms. Lata Dinanath Mangeshkar


Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi


Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar, Professor Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao


Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya (posthumous)


Pranab Mukherjee, Dr. Bhupendra Kumar Hazarika (posthumous), Nanaji Deshmukh (posthumous) 

Question: Consider the following statements.

  1. Former Prime Ministers Chaudhary Charan Singh and PV Narasimha Rao and scientist MS Swaminathan have been given the country's highest civilian honor 'Bharat Ratna' for their incomparable contribution towards the country.
  2. This honor is given keeping in mind the unprecedented contribution of a person in the fields of politics, art, literature and science.
  3. The award of Bharat Ratna was started by President Dr. Rajendra Prasad on January 2, 1951.
How many of the above statements are correct?
(a) only one
(b) only two
(c) all three
(d) none
Answer: (b)
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