Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru Biography, Age, Education, Family, Wife, Children, Career, Controversies, Net Worth

Biography and history of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, achievements, essay, when did he die, birth, who was he, slogans, work, family, speeches, Prime Minister,

The birthday of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India, is called Children's Day and Children's Day, because Nehru ji liked children very much and children used to call him Chacha Nehru. If we read Nehru ji's life in detail, we get to learn a lot from his life. Nehru ji was a great freedom fighter, Nehru ji supported Mahatma Gandhi to liberate the country. The yearning for patriotism was clearly visible in Nehru ji, Mahatma Gandhi considered him a disciple, who was his favorite. Nehru ji is widely considered the creator of modern India.

Biography of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru

  • Full Name: Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
  • When was born: 14 November 1889
  • Where was born: Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
  • Parents name:  Swarooprani Nehru, Motilal Nehru
  • Wife: Kamala Nehru (1916)
  • Children: Indira Gandhi
  • When did he die: 27 May 1964, New Delhi

Who is Jawaharlal Nehru?

Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of independent India. His father was a famous barrister and social worker. Nehru ji was the only son of a prosperous family. Apart from these, he had three sisters in his family. Nehru ji was a Saraswat Brahmin of Kashmiri descent.

Jawaharlal Nehru Education

Nehru ji received education from renowned schools and colleges in the country and abroad. He received his primary school education from Harrow and law education from Trinity College, London. After this, he became proficient in law from Cambridge University. By staying in England for 7 years, he developed knowledge of Fabian socialism and Irish nationalism.

Jawaharlal Nehru Likes

He was very fond of 'rose flower', which he used to keep in his sherwani. He was also very fond of children, children used to address him as 'Chacha Nehru'. Because of this love, his birthday is celebrated as Children's Day on 14 November . Nehru ji was also famous as the author of 'Discovery of India'.

Jawaharlal Nehru 's Daughter

Nehru ji had a daughter, Indira Gandhi. Indira Gandhi considered her father as her guru, she had learned the country's politics from Nehruji only. He had closely watched the country's freedom struggle since childhood. This was the reason why she also had immense love for the country. Indira ji became the first woman Prime Minister of the independent country. Indira ji's main contribution was in progressing and strengthening the country of India.  

Political journey and achievements of Jawaharlal Nehru (Political Life history) –

In 1912, Nehruji returned to India and worked as a barrister in Allahabad High Court. In 1916, Nehru ji married a girl named Kamala. In 1917 he joined the Home-Rule League. In 1919, Nehru ji came in contact with Gandhiji, where his thoughts greatly influenced Nehru ji and he gained political knowledge only under the leadership of Gandhiji , this was the time when Nehru ji stepped into Indian politics for the first time. , and had seen him so closely. In 1919, Gandhiji had led a front against the Rowlatt Act. Nehru ji was greatly influenced by Gandhi ji's civil disobedience movement. Along with Nehruji, his family also followed Gandhiji, Motilal Nehru gave up his property and adopted Khadi environment. Nehru ji actively participated in the 'non-cooperation movement' launched by Gandhiji in 1920-1922. At this time Nehru ji went to jail for the first time. In 1924, he served the city for two years as the Chairman of Allahabad Municipal Corporation. He resigned in 1926. Nehru ji became the General Secretary of “All-India Congress” from 1926-28. Gandhiji saw a great leader of India in Nehruji.

In 1928-1929, the annual session of Congress was organized under the chairmanship of Motilal Nehru. In this session two groups were formed, in the first group Nehruji and Subhash Chandra Bose supported the demand for complete independence and in the second group Motilal Nehru and other leaders demanded a sovereign state under the government. In the fight between these two proposals, Gandhiji found a middle path. He said that Britain will be given two years time to give statehood to India, otherwise Congress will give birth to a national fight. But the government did not give any proper reply. Under the chairmanship of Nehruji, the annual session of the Congress was held in 'Lahore' in December 1929, in which everyone unanimously passed a resolution demanding 'Complete Swaraj'. On 26 January 1930, Nehrujihoisted the flag of independent India in Lahore. In 1930, Gandhiji strongly called for the 'Sivil Disobedience Movement', which was so successful that the British government had to bow down to take important decisions.

In 1935, when the British government passed the proposal for the India Act, Congress decided to contest elections. Nehru supported the party by staying out of the elections. Congress formed government in every state and won in most of the places. In 1936-1937, he was appointed President of Nehru's Congress. In 1942, Nehru was arrested during the Quit India Movement under the leadership of Gandhiji, after which he came out of jail in 1945. At the time of independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, Nehru played an important role in negotiations with the government.

Election of the first Prime Minister of the country –

At the time of India's independence in 1947, elections were held for the candidature of the Prime Minister in the Congress, in which Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Acharya Kripalani received the maximum votes. But on Gandhiji's request, Jawaharlal Nehru was appointed the first Prime Minister of India. After this Nehru ji became the Prime Minister of India thrice.

After independence, Nehru ji performed the task of properly organizing India and leading it and building the foundation of a strong nation. He also made a very important contribution in making India economically fearless. Built a strong foundation of the dream of modern India. He created the 'Non-Aligned' movement for peace and organization. Despite his hard work, he could not establish friendly relations with Pakistan and China.

Jawaharlal Nehru received the honor (Jawaharlal Nehru Awards)-

In 1955, Nehru ji was awarded the country's highest honor 'Bharat Ratna'.

When and how did Jawaharlal Nehru die (Jawaharlal Nehru Death)-

Nehru ji always tried to improve relations with his neighboring countries China and Pakistan. His thinking was that we should love our neighbor as ourselves, but in 1962 China attacked India. , which hurt Nehru ji a lot. Due to Kashmir issue, good relations could never be established with Pakistan.

Nehru ji died of a heart attack on 27 May 1964. His death was a great loss for the country of India. He is still remembered as a great leader and freedom fighter of the country. Many schemes and roads were built in his memory. Jawaharlal Nehru School, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Jawaharlal Nehru Cancer Hospital etc. were started in his honour.


Question- When and where was Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru born?

Answer- Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889 in Prayagraj.

Question- When did Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru die?

Answer- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru died on 27 May 1964.

Question- Which number Prime Minister was Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru?

Answer- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of the country.

Question- What did Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru like?

Answer- Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru loved reading.

Question- What was the specialty of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru?

Answer- The specialty of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru was that he loved to spend time with children.

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