Hindi Cinema

Hindi cinema , also known as Bollywood , is the film making industry in the Hindi language. The name Bollywood has been kept on the lines of the English cinema industry Hollywood . The Hindi film industry is mainly based in Mumbai city. These films are the heartbeats of the people of India, Pakistan and many countries of the world. Most films have many musical songs. The " Hindustani " style of Hindi is prevalent in these films. Along with Hindi and Urdu (Khariboli), languages ​​like Awadhi , Bombay Hindi , Punjabi are also suitable for dialogues and songs. The main themes are love, patriotism, family, crime, fear, etc. Most of the songs are based on Urdu poetry. One of the largest film producers in India, representing 43% of net box office revenues, while Tamil and Telugu cinema represent 36%, with regional cinema constituting the rest 21% as of 2014. Bollywood is one of the largest centers of film production in the world. Bollywood is one of the largest film industries in the world in terms of the number of people employed and the number of films produced. The soul of any nation is its culture. Bollywood has been destroying Indian culture and the soul of India for decades. And it has come under the target of common people due to nepotism, de-Indianization, anti-Sanatan Dharma, continuous insult of Indian Army, love of Pakistan, denationalization of India and increased lewdness, indecency, immorality and obscenity during the lockdown of 2019. And its complete boycott is continuing in India since 2019. It is also called Karachi wood or Urdu wood for some years now. After the Corona period, the boycott continues for the Hindi cinema world. Every day any film or artist is boycotted on social media. Films are boycotted even before their release. Not only this, on many occasions a campaign has been launched to boycott the entire Bollywood industry.


Early cinema in india

In 1895, the Lumière Brothers showed the first film of an engine train at the Paris Salon. These same Lumiere brothers also showed the first show of the film on 7 July 1896 at Watson Hotel in Bombay. By paying an entry fee of one rupee per person, the elite class of Bombay welcomed it with applause and applause. Indian cinema was born on the same day. Encouraged by the enthusiastic response of the public, it was again shown in the Novelty Theater and various ticket rates were kept to attract both the lower class and the elite class. Zanana shows were also conducted for orthodox women. The cheapest seat was for four annas and even after a century these same four annas are the fate makers of cinema, its stars, music directors and in fact the entire commercial cinema of India. Around 1902 Abdulli Isofalli and J. S. Entrepreneurs like Madan would roam around in small, open grounds and demonstrate binoculars in tents. He created an empire of distribution of cinema from Burma ( Myanmar ) to Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Early cinema depended on piano or harmonium players whose voices were lost in the hum of the projector . But the attraction of the novelty of imported films and documentary films began to wane very soon. Then the film exhibitors had to put dancers, acrobats and wrestlers on the stage to make their productions attractive.

In the early days, the discerning Indian audience did not find itself connected to foreign films. In 1901 H.S. Bhatwadekar (known as 'Saave Dada') shot Indian subject matter and news reels for the first time. Soon after, many European and American companies took advantage of Indian news reels shot in India for Indian audiences. Hiralal Sen first photographed the plays 'Alibaba', 'Buddha' and 'Sitaram' staged in the Classic Theater of Calcutta in February 1901 . Although the Indian market was saturated with European and American films, very few audiences watched these films because the common audience felt alienated from them. In May 1912, a play based on the Hindu saint 'Pundalik' was filmed by R. R. Singh using imported cameras, film stock and equipment. Yes. Torni Kiya which is probably India's first full length film.

The first film was Raja Harishchandra made by Dadasaheb Phalke in 1913 . Film soon became popular in India and by the year 1930, about 200 films were being made annually. The first talkie film was Alam Ara made by Ardeshir Irani . This film was very popular. Soon all films were talking films.

In the coming years, historical events like freedom struggle and partition of the country took place in India. Its influence was felt in the Hindi films made during that period. Hindi films changed from black-and-white to color in the 1950s. The theme of films was mainly love and music was the main part of films. Violence dominated the films of the 1960s-70s. Love-based films started becoming popular again in the 1980s and 1990s. Films made in the 1990-2000 decade were quite popular outside India also. The increasing number of overseas Indians was also the main reason for this. The themes of NRIs remained popular in Hindi films.

Film city

The films of renowned filmmaker Avijit Mukul Kishore talk about changing cities, towns and the people and places living in them. Through his camera he captures the changes taking place here very beautifully. In the 'Film City' online masterclass, the language and perspective of cinema has been explored in collaboration with Avijit Mukul Kishore . This initiative of The Third Eye  is an attempt to talk about films and the images created by them in Hindi language. And also to find out, how our cinema is looking at our rapidly changing villages and cities. In the 'Film City' [9] the layers of class, caste , gender, sexuality and various kinds of inequalities present within cinema are exposed one after another.

Founder of Indian Cinema: Dadasaheb Phalke

Raja Harishchandra (1913) was the first Hindi film made in India. It was directed by Dadasaheb Phalke. During the era of silent films, filming of movie scenes was completed during the day because the use of artificial light was impossible.

Lead artist

Leading actors

Amitabh Bachchan
Anil Kapoor
Amrish Puri
akshay khanna
Anupam Kher
Akshay Kumar
Amol Palekar
aamir khan
Om Puri
Ajay Devgn
Arjun Rampal
Dilip Kumar
Dev Anand
Nana Patekar
Naseeruddin Shah
Raj Kapoor
Rajesh Khanna
Rajendra Kumar
Rishi Kapoor
Rakesh Roshan
Hrithik Roshan
Shammi Kapoor
Shashi Kapoor
Sunil Dutt
Sanjay Dutt
Sanjeev Kumar
Saif Ali Khan
Satish Shah
Salman Khan
Shahrukh Khan
Sunil Shetty
sunny deol
bobby deol
John abraham
jackie shroff
Vivek Oberoi
Mithun Chakraborty
Pankaj Tripathi
Manoj Bajpayee
Karthik Aryan
Rajesh Khanna

Leading actresses

Meena Kumari
Moushumi Chatterjee
Madhuri Dixit
Mallika Sherawat
Mahima Chaudhary
Manisha Koirala
Meenakshi Sheshadri
Mamta Kulkarni
Asha Parekh
Amrita Arora
Amrita Singh
Ameesha Patel
Saira Banu
Shilpa Shetty
Shilpa Shirodkar
Smita Patil
Sonali Bendre
Vyjayanti Mala
Jaya Bachchan
Jaya Bhaduri
Juhi Chawla
Raveena Tandon
Rani Mukherjee
Pooja Bhatt
Karishma Kapoor
Kareena Kapoor
Urmila Matondkar
Dimple Kapadia
Dia Mirza
Bhumika Chawla
Gracy Singh
Preity Zinta
Priyanka Chopra
Aishwarya Rai
Hema Malini
Esha Deol
Bipasa Basu
Urmila Matondkar
Deepika Padukone
Sonam Kapoor
Tanushree Dutta
Katrina Kaif
Guru Dutt

Head director

Yash Chopra
Satyajit Ray
Bimal Rai
Hrishikesh Mukherjee
Karan Johar
Shyam Benegal
mehboob khan
Rajesh Roshan
Sanjay Leela Bhansali
Mani Ratnam
Aditya Chopra
Prakash Jha

Lead vocalist

Udit Narayan
Kishore Kumar
Kumar Sanu
Kundan Lal Sehgal
Manna Dey
Suresh Wadekar
Sonu Nigam
Hemant Kumar
Abhijeet Bhattacharya
Shaan (singer)
armaan malik
Arijit Singh
k k
yo Yo Honey Singh
Mika Singh

Lead singer

Lata Mangeshkar
Asha Bhosle
Suman Kalyanpur
Anuradha Paudwal
Alka Yagnik
Kavita Krishnamurthy
Anuradha Sriram
Sunidhi Chauhan
Shreya Ghoshal
Neeti Mohan
Neha Kakkar
Pritam Priyadarshini

Major musician

Shankar Jaikishan
Naushad Ali
Madan Mohan
Hemant Kumar
OP Nayyar
Salil Chaudhary
Sachin Dev Burman
Rahul Dev Burman
Bappi Lahiri
Nadeem Shravan
Vishal Bhardwaj
Ismail Darbar
A R Rahman
Jatin Lalit
Himesh Reshammiya
Vishal Shekhar
Shankar Ehsaan Loy
Anu Malik
Anand Raj Anand
Adnan Sami

Major lyricist

Pandit Narendra Sharma
Pradeep Kavi
Bharat Vyas
Rajendra Krishna
shahir ludhianvi
Hasrat Jaipuri
Jannisar Akhtar
Kaifi Azmi
Flower Garden
Majrooh Sultanpuri
Faiz Anwar
Santosh Anand ji
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